Workplace Safety and Health Officer (WSHO or WSH Officer)

Responsibilities

  • Assist the occupier of the workplace or other person in charge of the workplace
    to identify and assess any foreseeable risk arising from the workplace or work
    processes therein;
  • Recommend to the occupier of the workplace or other person in charge of the
    workplace reasonably practicable measures to eliminate any foreseeable risk
    to any person who is at work in that workplace or may be affected by the
    occupier’s undertaking in the workplace;
  • where it is not reasonably practicable to eliminate the risk, to recommend
    to the occupier of the workplace or other person in charge of the workplace –
    (i) such reasonably practicable measures to minimise the risk;and

    (ii) such safe work procedures to control the risk; and

  • to assist the occupier of the workplace or other person in charge of the
    workplace implement the measure or safe work procedure
WSHO, Site Inspection

WSHO conducting site inspection

Workplace Safety and Health Coordinator (WSHC)

Responsibilities

  • Assist the occupier of the worksite to identify any unsafe condition in
    the worksite or unsafe work practice which is carried our in the worksite;
  • Recommend to the occupier of the worksite to implement such reasonably
    practicable measures to remedy the unsafe condition or unsafe work practice; and
  • Assist the occupier of the worksite to implement such reasonably practicable measures referred to in the point above
WSHC, WSHC Work, WSHC Equipment

Generic equipment and document for WSHC

Confined Space Assessor

Responsibilities

  • Conduct risk assessment on confined space
  • Inspect and certify confined space suitable for usage
  • Check for anomalies with tools

Confined space’’ means any chamber, tank, manhole, vat, silo, pit, pipe, flue or other enclosed space, in which —

1. Dangerous gases, vapours or fumes are liable to be present to such an extent as to involve a risk of fire or explosion, or persons being overcome thereby;

 2. The supply of air is inadequate, or is likely to be reduced to be inadequate, for sustaining life; or

 3. There is a risk of engulfment by material

Before any person enters or works in a confined space, it shall be the duty of his responsible person to appoint a person whom the responsible person reasonably believes is competent to carry out the duties of a confined space safety assessor, as a confined space safety assessor for the confined space and issue a confined space entry permit upon evaluation.

Confined Space Entry Permit

A confined space entry permit has to be issued by the assessor before entry can be allowed and must specify the following:-

  1. the description and location of the confined space;
  2. the purpose of entry into the confined space;
  3. the results of the gas testing of the atmosphere of the confined space; and
  4. its period of validity.
Confined Space Assessor, Confined Space Assessor Equipment

Generic Equipment of Confined Space Assessor

CSSA, Confined Space Assessor, Confined Space Manager

Conducting checks on Confined Space

Work at heights Assessor

Responsibilities

  • Identify hazards, evaluate risk and implement measures
  • Establish, evaluate, review and implement a Fall Prevention Plan
  • Demonstrate competency in donning, checking and correcting
    Individual Fall Protection Equipment and responding to a fall emergency

Ensure that a permit-to-work system in accordance is implemented for work at height.

Environmental Control Officer (ECO)

Responsibilities

  • Identify and assess environmental health conditions in construction sites
  • Report to contractor with recommendations on remedial measures to
    prevent recurrence

All qualified Environmental Control Officer (ECO)s are required to register with NEA

ECO, Dengue Prevention, Safe Site

Dengue prevention at work site

Fire Safety Manager (FSM)

Responsibilities

  • ensure at all times that fire safety requirements contained in the
    Emergency Response Plan are complied with;
  • supervise the maintenance of all fire safety works in the premises;
  • ensure at all times that the occupant load of any part of any
    building does not exceed the capacity prescribed under the Fire Code;
  • conduct daily checks within the premises and remove or cause to be
    removed any fire hazard that is found within the premises;
  • prepare and execute the Emergency Response Plan for the premises
    and distribute the Emergency Response Plan to the occupants of the premises;
  • conduct fire drills for the occupants of the premises at least twice in every
    calendar year or on such occasion as may be directed by the Commissioner
  • ensure that all occupants are familiar with the means of escape located
    within the premises;
  • prepare fire safety guidebooks for the occupants of the premises;
  • train, coordinate and supervise the Company Emergency Response Team
    for the premises in first-aid, fire-fighting and evacuation in the event of
    fire or other related emergencies;
  • train the occupants in the premises in first aid, fire fighting and evacuation
    in the event of fire or other related emergencies;
  • co-ordinate and supervise the occupants within the premises in fire fighting
    and in evacuation in the event of fire or other related emergencies;
  • supervise the operation of the Fire Command Centre in the event of fire or
    other related emergencies;
  • conduct at least 2 Table-Top Exercises (TTX) * within the premises each
    year and to evaluate, together with the Fire Safety Committee,
    the effectiveness of the Arson Prevention Plan and the Emergency Response
    Plan for those premises;
    *FSM may conduct an In- Place Protection (IPP) Drill in-lieu of one of the TTX.
  • prepare and implement the Arson Prevention Plan for the premises;
  • notify the Commissioner immediately upon the occurrence of any fire incident
    in the premises;
  • organise campaigns, training courses, competitions, contests and other activities
    which will develop and maintain the interest of the occupants within the premises
    in establishing a fire safe environment; and
  • carry out such other duties as the Commissioner may require
Added Duties for Fire Safety Managers appointed for specified complex premises:
  • to carry out a fire risk assessment of the premises;
  • to perform checks to ensure that any fire safety works using alternative solutions
    meet the requirements set out in the operations and maintenance manual, if any.

All qualified Fire Safety Manager (FSM)s are required to register with SCDF through
the e-FSM portal

Briefing, Fire Safety Manager

Safety briefing before fire drill

Fire Drill, Fire Extinguisher, Fire Drill Demonstration

Proper usage of Fire Extinguisher

Senior Fire Safety Manager

Responsibilities

  • Their responsibilities are the same but they are required for certain sites.Please refer to the table below

All Senior Fire Safety Manager are required to attain either of the certificates below

  • Diploma in Engineering (Building Services and Fire Safety) – Ngee Ann PolytechnicOR
  • Certificate in Senior Fire Safety Manager – Civil Defence Academy

Do you need WSH Professionals?

For a quick reference, we have tabulated the table below. While it is in accordance to the respective regulations, organizations may choose to engage these professionals for a peace of mind if they are unsure.

WSH ProfessionalType of Workplace
Do I need a WSHO also known as safety officer1) Shipyards in which any ship, tanker and other vessels are constructed, reconstructed, repaired, refitted, finished or broken up.

2) Factories used for processing petroleum or petroleum products.

3) Factories in which building operations or works of engineering construction of a contract sum of $10 million or more are carried out.

4) Any other factories in which 100 or more persons are employed, except those which are used for manufacturing garments.

Do I need a WSHC also known as safety coordinatorWork site where the contract sum of the building operation or works of engineering construction carried out therein is less than $10 million.
Do I need a Confined Space AssessorAreas that are confined and where it may pose a danger to the employees conducting work
Do I need a Work At Heights AssessorAreas where there is work at height activity in the workplace
Do I need a Environmental Control OfficerAreas pertaining to environmental health issues

If the contract sum of your construction project is $10 million or more

– Part-time ECO is required if the contract sum is between $10 to $50 million

– Full-time ECO is required if the contract sum exceeds $50 million or whenever
necessary to control the environmental issue

Do I need a Fire Safety ManagerPublic Building (inclusive of Commercial Building)

– is of 9 storeys or more (including any basement) in height;

– is used, constructed or adapted to be used as a hospital;

– has a floor area of 5000 square metres or more;

– has an occupant load of 1000 persons or more

Industrial Building

– has a floor area or site area of 5000 square metres or more

– has an occupant load of 1,000 persons or more

Do I need a Senior Fire Safety ManagerPublic or Industrial Building

– has an occupant load of 5,000 persons or more and

(i) that is of 31 storeys or more (including any basement) in height;

(ii) that has a gross floor area of 50,000 square metres or more; or

(iii) that has a basement storey with a floor area of 10,000 square meters or more; or

– in respect of which fire safety works are carried out according to a plan using an alternative solution the Commissioner may reasonably determine to be complex.